Alanya is a holiday resort city and a component district of Antalya Province in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey, 166 kilometers or 103 miles from the city of Antalya on the southern coast of Turkey. The population is almost entirely of Turkish origin, but is also home to around 10,000 European residents. Because of its natural strategic position on a small peninsula into the Mediterranean Sea, below the Taurus Mountains, Alanya has been a local stronghold for many Mediterranean-based empires, including the Ptolemaic, Seleucid, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman Empires. Alanya's greatest political importance came in the Middle Ages, with the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm under the rule of Alaeddin Kayqubad I, from whom the city derives its name. His building campaign resulted in many of the city's landmarks, such as the Kızıl Kule (Red Tower), Tersane (Shipyard), and Alanya Castle. Alanya has a typical Mediterranean climate. The Mediterranean Basin ensures that most rain comes during the winter, leaving the summers long, hot, and dry. The presence of the Taurus Mountains in close proximity to the sea causes fog which causes visible rainbows many mornings. The height of the mountains creates an interesting effect as snow can often be seen on them even on hot days in the city below.
The Mediterranean climate, natural attractions, and historic heritage makes Alanya a popular destination for tourism. It is responsible for nine percent of Turkey's tourism sector and thirty percent of foreign purchases of real estate in Turkey. Located on the Gulf of Antalya on the Anatolian coastal plain of Pamphylia, the town is situated between the Taurus Mountains to the north and the Mediterranean Sea, and is part of the Turkish Riviera, occupying roughly 70 kilometres or 43 miles of coastline. From west to east, the Alanya district is bordered by the Manavgat district along the coast, the mountainous Gündoğmuş inland, Hadim and Taşkent in the Province of Konya, Sarıveliler in the Province of Karaman, and the coastal Gazipaşa district. Manavgat is home to the ancient cities of Side and Selge. The town is divided east–west by a rocky peninsula, which is the distinctive feature of the city. The harbor, city center, and Keykubat Beach, named after the Sultan Kayqubad I, are on the east side of the peninsula. Damlataş Beach, named for the famous "dripping caves", and Cleopatra Beach are to the west. Atatürk Bulvarı, the main boulevard, runs parallel to the sea and divides the southern and much more touristic side of Alanya from the northern more indigenous side that extends north into the mountains. Çevre Yolu Caddesi, another major road, encircles the main town to the north.
Antalya Airport is 121 kilometers or 75 miles away and connects with direct international flights. The new Antalya Gazipaşa Airport, first begun in 1992, is only 14.5 kilometers or 9 miles from the city. Antalya Gazipaşa Airport is currently in service in the Alanya area of the Antalya province in Turkey. The Airport opened for domestic flights in July 2010 with daily flights from Istanbul with Bora Jet. International flights are scheduled to begin in time for the 2011 holiday season. This new airport is only 30 minutes by road from Alanya. No train routes go to Alanya or Antalya Province, and there are no train stations in the district.
Province: Antalya Province
Airport: Antalya Gazipaşa Airport
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This website contains detailed information about Alanya with photos and videos.