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Aydin Turkey

Aydın - Turkey Aydın is a city in southwestern Turkey near the Menderes River. It is an important trading center on the Afyon-İzmir highway and railway line. Nearby is the site of ancient Tralles which is said to have been founded by the Argives. Aydın was called Güzelhisar - “Beautiful Castle” - under the Turkmen Menteşe Emirs in the 13th century. Renamed for the 14th century ruling dynasty of Aydın, it was annexed to the Ottoman Empire in about 1390. Timur (Tamerlane), who conquered it in 1402, re-established the principality of Aydın; but it was soon recaptured by the Ottomans. Aydın is located along a region which was famous for its fertile land and productivity ever since ancient times. Figs remain the province's best-known crop even though other agricultural products are also cultivated heavily - in addition the city has some light industry. A six-lane highway connects Aydın to İzmir in less than an hour or much quicker with the Adnan Menderes Airport located along the highway between the two cities. The Aydın region also pioneered the introduction of railway transportation in Turkey during the 19th century and still has the most dense railroad network. Aydın also the largest urban center in Turkey administered by a female Mayor - Mrs. Özlem Çerçioğlu who was elected in 2009.

During the Greco-Turkish War - 1919-1922, violent fighting took place in and around Aydın, especially in the beginning phase of the war during the Battle of Aydın between 27 June and 4 July 1919. The civilian population of the city, principally Turkish as well as Greek, suffered heavy casualties. Even the city's Jewish population, which was 3,500 strong, did not go unscathed. Aydın remained in ruins until it was re-captured by the Turkish army on 7 September 1922. Resistance warriors such as the efe Yörük Ali, who were based in the surrounding mountains were they conducted a guerrilla warfare against the Greek army, became heroes in Turkey. Following the war and the foundation of the Republic of Turkey the Greeks of Aydın were exchanged with Muslims living in Greece under the 1923 agreement for the Population exchange between Greece and Turkey. Aydın city centre is still relatively small but growing, centred along a palm-lined avenue of shops and cafes in a maze of narrow side streets dotted with orange trees. The people are traditional and family-oriented, so there is little night life, or cultural amenities for young people. But now they have a university this will more than likely change quite rapidly. There are a number of mosques, high schools, dersane (private schools cramming students for the university entrance exams) and other public buildings. Like all Turkish cities Aydın is now spreading as the middle-classes are leaving their homes in the city for newer apartments or houses on the edge of town.

The province of Aydın is also where a number of internationally known historic sites and centers of tourism are concentrated. Air transportation to Aydın is through Adnan Menderes Airport in Izmir - the cities being connected by a six-lane highway.


Region: Aegean
Province: Aydin Province
Beach: No
Marina: No
Hotels: Yes
Video: Yes
Airport: Adnan Menderes Airport - Izmir
English language website: aydin-information.com
aydin-information.com contains detailed information about Aydın with photos and videos. Clicking on the link opens a new browser window. To return to this page - simply close the new window.


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