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Bodrum, formerly Halicarnassus, is a Turkish seaside holiday resort in Muğla Province, in the southwestern Aegean Region of Turkey. The city was called Halicarnassus of Caria in ancient times. The Mausoleum of Mausolus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World being located here. Bodrum Castle, built by the Crusaders in the 15th century, overlooks the harbor and the international marina. The castle grounds next to the marina include the Museum of Underwater Archeology and hosts several cultural festivals throughout the year. The region includes the municipalities of Bodrum, Turgutreis, Ortakent, Türkbükü, Yalıkavak, Gümüşlük, Bitez, Konacık, Yalı and Mumcular. A group of intellectuals started to visit after the 1950s around the writer Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı, who had first come here in exile two decades before. They were charmed by the town to the point of adopting the pen name Halikarnas Balıkçısı - 'The Fisherman of Halicarnassus'. Bodrum was popularized among Turkey's educated classes by this group of key intellectuals, artists and writers. Ever since, Bodrum has constantly endeavored to attract people with artistic backgrounds, encouraging them to choose it as a location for their secondary residences. Many of these people have gradually become regulars who stay throughout the year. Bodrum now hosts many poets, singers, artists, as well as commercially-minded investors and European tourists.
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