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Cappadocia is an area in central Turkey, mainly in the Nevşehir Province with remarkable natural stone columns characterized by chimney-like formations and an interesting historical and cultural heritage.. The name Cappadocia was traditionally used in Christian sources throughout history and today is still used to define this region. Christians escaping persecution of the Roman Empire in the 2nd century B.C. came to Cappadocia. The first Christians found underground cities hidden in these natural rock formations allowing them to escape from the persecution of Roman soldiers. The neccessity of having to live in these underground cities for long durations for reasons of security they developed them by making provision rooms, ventilation chimneys, wine production areas, churches, abbeys, water wells, toilets and meeting rooms. In the prehistoric times these undergound quarters sheltered the first human settlements to protect themselves from wild animals and other predators.
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