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Diyarbakır Turkey

Diyarbakır - TurkeyDiyarbakır (Kurdish ئامه‌د, Amed - Syriac: ܐܡܝܕ, Amid ), located on the banks of the Tigris River is the administrative capital of the Diyarbakır Province and second in size in to Gaziantep in the Turkish south eastern Anatolia region. Being one of the largest cities in southeastern Turkey, Diyarbakır is known for its culture, folklore, watermelons and unfortunately, for the violence resulting from clashes between the Kurdish PKK and the Turkish military. The Romans and Byzantines called the city Amida and among the Artukid and Akkoyunlu it was known as Black Amid (Turkish: Kara Amid) for the dark color of the surrounding city walls. In Zafername, or the eulogies in praise of military victories, it is called Black Fortress (Turkish: Kara Kale). Following Arab conquests during the 7th century, the Arab Bekr tribe occupied the region resulting in it becoming known as the Diyar-ı Bekir (landholdings of the Bekr tribe). Over a decade after the founding of the Turkish Republic, Atatürk had the city renamed to Diyarbakır in 1937. A point of interest in the city is the Archaeological Museum wich contains artifacts from the neolithic period, through the Early Bronze Age as well as the Assyrian, Urartu, Roman, Byzantine, Artuqids, Seljuk Turk, Aq Qoyunlu, and Ottoman Empire periods. Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı Museum was the former home of the late poet and a classic example of a traditional Diyarbakır home. The birthplace of poet Ziya Gökalp has been converted into a museum as a testament to his life and his works. Forty kilometers northwest of Diyarbakır lies Çayönü where the first animals in the world were domesticated when mankind first started farming settlements. The Çayönü site is extremely important for neolithic research and dates from 7200 to 6600 BC.

In Diyarbakır visitors will find Gazi Caddesi opposite the Great Mosque which has an old caravanserai converted into a place hosting cafes, bookstores and small shops. The old city wall is best seen by entering it at the northern gate and walking counter clockwise to the Mardin Gate (Turkish: Mardin Kapı). From the wall there are exceptional views of the city and the surrounding area of Diyarbakır. To really experience the area you can opt for village home stay accommodation outside of the city. Nomad Tours Turkey offers rural accommodation in Yuvacali, Sanliurfa - a little over 100 kilometers southwest of Diyarbakır in a traditional Kurdish village home. Nomad Tours Turkey also arranges other home stays in Mardin, Harran, and Diyarbakir. They can also organize stays at hostels in Hasankeyf, Nemrut and the Sanliurfa city center as well as guided tours of Syria and Iraqi Kurdistan.

Region: South Eastern Anatolia
Province: Diyarbakır Province
Beach: No
Marina: No
Hotels: Yes
Airport: Diyarbakır Airport
English language website: www.diyarbakir-information.com
www.diyarbakir-information.com contains detailed information about Diyarbakır with photos and videos. Clicking on the link opens a new browser window. To return to this page - simply close the new window.

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