Turkey Holiday Information
Holiday Blog

Home | About Turkey | Beaches | Weather | Photos | Videos | Airports | Tourism Information | Visitor Resources| Add Listing
Blue Cruises | Cuisine | Fashion | Music | Films | Dance | Ceramics | Gardens | Books | Destination Map | Site Map | Contact


Turkish Cities

Adana
Alanya
Antalya
Ankara
Aydin
Belek
Bodrum
Bursa
Çamyuva
Cappadocia
Çeşme
Dalaman
Dalyan
Datça
Didim
Diyarbakır
Denizli
Ephesus
Erzincan
Erzurum
Fethiye
Gaziantep
Giresun
Göcek
Hisarönü
İçmeler
İstanbul
İzmir
Kalkan
Kaş
Kemer
Konya
Köyceğiz
Kuşadası
Malatya
Mardin
Marmaris
Mersin
Muğla
Olympos
Ortaca
Pamukkale
Patara
Samsun
Sarigerme
Side
Tarsus
Tekirova
Trabzon
Troy
Van

Holiday Activities

Dalyan Fun
Bird Watching
Scuba Diving
Boat Tours
Ski in Turkey
Win a Villa
Turkish Maps
Turkey Recipe
Ethos Pathos
Roundtable


Ephesus Turkey

Ephesus - Turkey Ephesus was an ancient Greek city, and later a major Roman city, on the west coast of Asia Minor 3 kilometers from the town of Selçuk, near Izmir Turkey. It was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League during the Classical Greek era. In the Roman period, it was for many years the second largest city of the Roman Empire aside from Rome. Ephesus had a population of more than 250,000 in the 1st century BC, which also made it the second largest city in the world. The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 BC, and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The temple was destroyed in 401 AD by a mob led by St. John Chrysostom. Emperor Constantine I rebuilt much of the city and erected new public baths. The town was again partially destroyed by an earthquake in 614 AD. The city's importance as a commercial center declined as the harbor was slowly silted up by the Menderes River (Turkish: Küçük Menderes).Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia that are cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written here. The house of the Virgin Mary lies about 7 kilometers or 4 miles from Selçuk and is believed to have been the last home of Mary the mother of Jesus. It is a popular place of pilgrimage which has been visited by three recent popes. The Church of Mary close to the harbor of Ephesus was the setting for the Third Ecumenical Council in 431, which resulted in the condemnation of Nestorius. A Second Council of Ephesus was held in 449, but its controversial acts were never approved by the Catholics. It came to be called the Robber Council of Ephesus or Robber Synod of Latrocinium by its opponents.

The current archaeological site lies 3 kilometers southwest of the town of Selçuk, in the Selçuk district of İzmir Province, Turkey. The ruins of Ephesus are a favorite international and local tourist attraction, partly owing to their easy access from Adnan Menderes Airport or via the port of Kuşadası. Ephesus contains the largest collection of Roman ruins in the eastern Mediterranean. Only an estimated 15% has been excavated. The ruins that are visible give holiday visitors some idea of the city's original splendor, and the names associated with the ruins are evocative of its former life. The theater dominates the view down Harbour Street, which leads to the silted-up harbor. The history of archaeological research in Ephesus stretches back to 1863 when British architect John Turtle Wood, sponsored by the British Museum, began to search for the Artemision. In 1869 he discovered the pavement of the temple, but because further anticipated discoveries were not made the excavations were stopped in 1874. In 1895 German archaeologist Otto Benndorf, financed by a 10,000 guilder donation made by Austrian Karl Mautner Ritter von Markhof, resumed excavations. In 1898 Benndorf founded the Austrian Archaeological Institute which plays a leading role in Ephesus today. Finds from the site are exhibited notably in the Ephesos Museum in Vienna, the Ephesus Archaeological Museum in Selçuk and in the British Museum.

Ephesus can be reached by mini-bus or taxi from the Adnan Menderes Airport near Izmir.


Region: Aegean
Province: Izmir
Beach: No
Marina: No
Hotels: Yes
Video: Yes
Airport: Adnan Menderes Airport
English language website: ephesus-information.com


Home | Back to Top



mouseover to control direction of scrolling
click on the images above to view the websites

Interested in Turkey..? Check out the websites below which provide a whole wealth of information for travellers planning a holiday in Turkey

© Copyright 2000- The Ethos Group in Partnership with Özalp Turism San. Tic. Ltd. Şti. - All Rights Reserved.