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Erzincan Turkey

 Erzincan - Turkey Erzincan is one of the oldest cultural centers in Anatolia . Erzincan Situated along the route of the Silk Road, Erzincan was ruled by the Hitites, Urartians, Meds, Persians, Romans and eventually the Turks. The 1939 Erzincan earthquake was a highly desructive natural disaster that hit the province of Erzincan in eastern Turkey in the early morning hours on December 27, 1939. The earthquake consisted of seven separate violent shocks, the strongest one measuring 8.2 on the Richter Scale. The most powerful earthquake to strike Turkey in recent history, the first shock of the earthquake killed about 8,000 people. The next day after emergency relief operations had begun, it was reported that the death toll had risen to about 20,000 causualties. By the end of the year, 32,962 had died due to more earthquakes and several floods. So extensive was the damage to Erzincan that its old site was entirely abandoned and a new town was founded a little further to the north.

Erzincan’s population was effected by social and economic developments as well as by the earthquakes that occured in the city. People moved away and the city population decreased. The Erzincan population decreased, but the local governmant efforts and projects the city started to gain attention and visitors. These days Erzincan is known for its sport facilities such as rafting on the Euphrates River, trekking at Mount Munzur and skiing at Sakaltutan ski center. Paragliding is another naturesport which has drawn enthusiasts to the 2000-3000 meter high Munzur and Kesis Mountains which have mild winds and offer very excellent opportunities for paragliding. Erzincan is also famous for its roasted chickpeas (Turkish: tava leblebi) and tulum cheese (Turkish: tulumlu peynir).

A quick look back into history can be seen at the ancient city of Altintepe, 15 kilometers from the Erzincan city center. Its historical significance arises from it being the only surviving Urartu city and hence the only place where you can find remnants of a faithful Urartian lifestyle. There are relics of a temple-palace complex, a temple, residential quarters and numerous tombs. These Altintepe ruins have yielded a vast number of ivory, ceramic, bronze and metal objects, helmets and shields and exquisitely designed wall tiles. However, the most special is the collection of motifs and figurines of gods, human beings and animals. All these objects point to an Urartu civilization in which art and crafts reached their zenith. Much of the artworks of Urartu can be seen on display at the Ankara Anatolian Civilizations Museum. Another attraction in Erzincan is Kemah Castle. It is one of the oldest castles in Anatolia situated against a rocky background. Dating back to the periods of the Hittites and the Urartu, this castle is an exceptional experience for visitors.

Region: Anatolia
Province: Erzincan Province
Beach: No
Marina: No
Hotels: Yes
Airport: Erzincan Airport
English language website: erzincan-information.com
www.erzincan-information.com contains detailed information about Erzincan with photos and videos. Clicking on the link opens a new browser window. To return to this page - simply close the new window.


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