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Malatya Turkey

Malatya - TurkeyMalatya is a city in southeastern Turkey and the capital of the Malatya Province. Malatya Province (Turkish: Malatya ili) is a province of Turkey which is part of a larger mountainous area - its name meaning city of honey and is famous for its apricots. The city site has been occupied for thousands of years. The Assyrians called the city Meliddu, but following Roman expansion into the east, the city was renamed in Latin as Melitene. The site of ancient Malatya lies only a few kilometers from the modern city in what is now the village of Arslantepe near the dependant district center of Battalgazi. Present-day Battalgazi was the location of the city of Malatya until the 19th century, when a gradual move of the city to the present third location began. Battalgazi's official name was Eskimalatya or Old Malatya in English. Arslantepe has been inhabited since the development of agriculture in the Fertile Crescent almost 6,000 years ago. From the Bronze Age, the site became an administrative center of a larger region in the Kingdom of Isuwa. The city was heavily fortified, probably due to the Hittite menace from the west. The Hittites conquered the city in the fourteenth century B.C. After the end of the Hittite empire, the city became the center of the Neo-Hittite state of Kammanu, but the city continued the old Hittite traditions and styles. Researchers have discovered a palace inside the city walls, which has statues and reliefs that are examples of the artistic works of that age. The people erected a palace, accompanied by monumental stone sculptures of lions and the ruler. Archeologists first began to excavate the site of Arslantepe in the 1930s, led by French archaeologist Louis Delaporte.

The current city of Malatya was founded in 1838, with the old site of Mitilene now designated as Old Malatya. Malatya was the scene of anti-Armenian violence during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. During the Hamidian Massacres of 1895-1896, the Armenians of Malatya unsuccessfully attempted to defend themselves against the persecutions of the Ottoman government. Over 7,500 of them were massacred and in the aftermath, a Red Cross team sent to Malatya concluded that 1,500 Armenian houses had been pillaged and 375 burned to the ground. According to the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia, Malatya was inhabited by 30,000 people at the time, with a clear Turkish majority, and an Armenian population of 3,000, of whom 800 were Catholics. A more recent source, however, states that Malatya's population hovered around 40,000, of which half (20,000) were Armenian. Of the five churches in the city, three belonged to the Armenians. They were chiefly involved in commerce, silkworm cultivation and agriculture. In the spring of 1915, the Armenians of the town were rounded up by Ottoman authorities and sent on death marches to the deserts of Syria. Those who survived settled in a number of different countries. Malatya has a semi-arid climate with hot and dry summers and cold and snowy winters. The highest recorded temperature was 42.2 °C or 108.0 °F on 31 July 2000. The lowest recorded temperature was -19 °C or -2.2 °F on 27 December 2002.

Region: Eastern Anatolia
Province: Malatya Province
Beach: No
Marina: No
Hotels: Yes
Airport: Malatya Erhaç Airport
English language website: www.malatya-information.com
www.malatya-information.com contains detailed information about Malatya with photos and videos. Clicking on the link opens a new browser window. To return to this page - simply close the new window.

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