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Mardin Turkey

Mardin - TurkeyMardin (Arabic: ماردين‎, Mardīn,Syriac: ܡܪܕܝܢ‎) is a city in southeastern Turkey and the capital of Mardin Province. The city of Mardin is known for its Arabic-style architecture and for its strategic location on a rocky mountain overlooking the vast plains of northern Syria. Mardin is a very old city where excavations in the area have determined that the city has been a settlement since 4500 BC. Mardin is practically an open-air museum with structures combined from the Subari, Hurri, Sumerian, Akkadian, Mitanian, Hittite, Assyrian, Scythian, Babylonian, Persian, Macedonian, Abgarian, Roman, Byzantine, Arabic, Seljuk, Artuqid and Ottoman periods. There are many important locations in the city where archeological excavations in and around Mardin may eventually make the history of the city more understood. But currently it is not exactly known when or by whom the city of Mardin was founded. Two of the oldest monasteries in the world - Mor Hananyo (Turkish: Deyrül Zafaran) - (English: Saffron Monastery) and Deyrulumur Monastery are near Mardin. The Christian community is concentrated on the Tur Abdin plateau and in the town of Midyat, with a smaller community of only about 100 in the provincial capital.

Most Syriac Orthodox churches and monasteries in the city were built on ancient Assyrian-Babylonian temple sites with some remaining active today. The Saffron Monastery was founded in 439 AD and is one of the oldest monasteries in the world and the only one that is still functioning in southern Turkey. From 1160 until 1932, it was the seat of the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch until the Patriarchate relocated to the Syrian capital in Damascus. The site of the monastery is alledged to have been used as a temple by sun worshippers as far back as 2000 BC. Another important church, Kırklar Kilisesi or Church of the 40 Martyrs, dates from 569 AD. It was originally built to commemorate Benham and Saro; sons of the Assyrian ruler who had them executed because they chose to become christians. Among the items in the monastery is the sixth century Patriarchal throne and the wooden doors of the main church which are inlaid with a long inscription giving excerpts from the Psalms in Syriac. To the north of the monastery are three smaller monasteries dedicated to the bearer of God - also called of the dripping water, to Mor Ozoziel, and to Mor Jacob of Serug the Teacher.

Region: Eastern Anatolia
Province: Mardin Province
Beach: No
Marina: No
Hotels: Yes
Airport: Mardin Airport
English language website: www.mardin-information.com
www.mardin-information.com contains detailed information about Mardin with photos and videos. Clicking on the link opens a new browser window. To return to this page - simply close the new window.

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