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Van Turkey

Van - TurkeyVan is a city in southeastern Turkey and the seat of the Van Province located on the eastern shore of Lake Van. Archaeological excavations done in the Van Province indicate that the history of human settlement in this region goes back as far as 5000 BC. or possibly further. The Tilkitepe Mound on the shores of Lake Van situated a few kilometers to the south of Van Castle seems to be the only source of information about the original ancient culture of Van. Under the ancient name of Tushpa it was the capital of the Urartian Kingdom in the 9th century BC. The early settlement was centered on the steep bluff now known as Van Castle (Turkish: Van Kalesi) close to the shoreline of Lake Van and a few kilometers west of the present-day city. Found at this location are Urartian cuneiform inscriptions dating to the 8thand 7th centuries BC. The region came under the control of the Armenian Orontids in the 7th century BC. and later the Persians in the mid 6th century BC. In 331 BC, Van was conquered by Alexander the Great and after his death became part of the Seleucid Empire. By the early 2nd century BC. it was part of the Kingdom of Armenia. It became an important center during the reign of the Armenian king, Tigranes II, who founded the city of Tigranakert in the 1st century BC. This region was ruled by the Arsacid Dynasty of Armenia before 4th century AD. In the History of Armenia attributed to Moses of Chorene, the city is called Tosp, from Urartian Tushpa.

According to the Treaty of Sèvres, the Entente Powers decided to cede the city to the Democratic Republic of Armenia. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk rejected the terms of the treaty and instead waged the Turkish War of Independence and the idea of ceding Van to the Armenians was defeated. The Turkish Parliament in Ankara rejected any compromise on the issue. and by 1920 Van fell under Turkish control again and its remaining Armenian inhabitants were expelled. With the Treaty of Lausanne and the Treaty of Kars, the older Treaty of Sèvres was annulled and Van remained officially under Turkish sovereignty. By the end of the conflicts, the town of Van was pretty well abandoned and in ruins. The city was rebuilt after the war a couple kilometers east of the ancient citadel known as Van Castle (Turkish: Van Kalesi). Van has often been called The Pearl of the East due to the beauty of its surroundings. An old Armenian proverb says "Van in this world, paradise in the next." This phrase has been slightly modified in Turkish to "Van for this world, faith for the next" (Turkish: dünyada Van, ahirette iman).

Region: Eastern Anatolia
Province: Van Province
Beach: No
Marina: No
Hotels: Yes
Airport: Van Ferit Melen Airport
English language website: www.van-information.com
www.van-information.com contains detailed information about Van with photos and videos. Clicking on the link opens a new browser window. To return to this page - simply close the new window.

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