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Home | Turkish Gardens | Flowers 1 | Flowers 2 | Flowers 3 |

- God Almighty first planted a garden. And indeed, it is the purest of human pleasures... Francis Bacon (1561–1626)

Dut Trees

Hyacinth ( Turkish: Sümbül ) have an intoxicating scent and vibrant colors which make them a favorite spring-flowering bulb. Favored for their intense colors and heady fragrance, hyacinths are a staple of the spring garden along with daffodils and tulips. The plants' stately appearance makes them prized in formal bulb plantings. Flower colors include rich magenta and deep indigo as well as paler pinks, baby blues, yellows and white. The bulbs are also easy to force into bloom indoors.

Select a site with full sun to light shade and well-drained soil. Plant hyacinth bulbs in fall, 6 to 8 weeks before a hard frost is expected and when soils are below 60 degrees F. This is usually during September and October in the North, and October and November in the South. Prepare the garden bed by using a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches, then mix in a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost. Dig a hole 6 to 8 inches deep. Set the bulb in the hole, pointy end up, then cover with soil and press firmly. Space bulbs 4 to 6 inches apart. Water thoroughly after planting.

Keep hyacinths watered during dry spells in the fall. Moderately moist soil is preferred. Water thoroughly when just the soil surface is dry to the touch. Do not allow plants to stand in water. Indirect or bright-diffused light is best. After plants are finished flowering in spring, cut back flower stalks but allow the leaves to die back naturally, hiding the unsightly foliage with annual or perennial plantings. An annual application of compost should provide adequate nutrients. Flower size may decline in subsequent years, so some gardeners treat hyacinths as annuals and plant fresh bulbs each fall.


Hydrangeas ( Turkish: Ortanca ) are workhorses in the garden. They produce sumptuous petals of color to add beauty to your garden. But they need not be forgotten once their flowers have died. Hydrangeas can be captured easily in dried flower arrangements, providing the last gasp of the summer garden. Pick the blooms on a clear dry day in late summer and hang to dry. H. macrophylla and H. paniculata 'Grandiflora' are especially good for drying.

Most species of hydrangeas can be grown in either full sun or partial shade. They are resistant to most insects and diseases. They can be grown in a wide range of soil but prefer a rich, moist soil and should be planted where watering will not be a problem. Avoid dry windy sites, as their large, soft leaves lose water quickly, especially on hot, windy days, causing the foliage to wilt.

Flowers are produced on the new growth; therefore, it is important that hydrangeas be given some care each season to ensure that vigorous new growth occurs. Irrigate plants weekly to replace moisture loss. Prune flower stems after they have bloomed.

If you obtain a potted hydrangea for Easter or Mother's Day in full bloom, keep the soil moist at all times as this plant has a high water requirement and tends to dry rapidly in the home. It should also receive direct light.

After the flowers fade, they may be removed and the plant treated as a house plant. When danger of frost is past, it can be planted in a sheltered location in the garden. Shelter is necessary because the hardiness of this plant is questionable in our northern gardens. This plant forms flower buds in the fall like forsythia and dogwood. It is these buds which freeze out or are destroyed in colder climates. Many times the plant will survive and produce green leaves, but no flowers. Planting in a sheltered location plus covering the plant with burlap will offer some protection. If you wish to improve the probability of flower bud survival, you may wish to try this.

When danger of frost is past, plant in a sheltered place in the garden. On the 4th of July, prune to 3 to 5 inches from the ground. The plant will produce short branches terminating in a dormant flower bud. Before the temperature falls to 25 degrees F, place a screen around the plant. Fill this with an insulating material such as coarse peat moss, vermiculite or bark. More material may be added if it settles during the winter. Remove this protection when the crocuses flower but protect on cold nights.


Jasmine ( Turkish: Yasemin ) is widely cultivated for their flowers, enjoyed in the garden, as house plants, and as cut flowers. The flowers are worn by women in their hair in southern and southeast Asia. Many species also yield an absolute, which is used in the production of perfumes and incense.

Jasmine tisane is consumed in China, where it is called Jasmine flower tea.Jasminum sambac flowers are also used to make tea, which often has a base of green tea, but sometimes an Oolong base is used. The delicate Jasmine flower opens only at night during the full moon and is plucked in the morning when the tiny petals are tightly closed. They are then stored in a cool place until night. Between six and eight in the evening, as the temperature cools, the petals begin to open. Flowers and tea are "mated" in machines that control temperature and humidity. It takes four hours or so for the tea to absorb the fragrance and flavour of the Jasmine blossoms, and for the highest grades, this process may be repeated as many as seven times. Because the tea has absorbed moisture from the flowers, it must be refired to prevent spoilage. The spent flowers may or may not be removed from the final product, as the flowers are completely dry and contain no aroma. Giant fans are used to blow away and remove the petals from the denser tea leaves. If present, they simply add visual appeal and are no indication of the quality of the tea.

Jasmine is a climbing, trailing, or spreading shrub of the olive family. Most of the more than 100 species are natives of the warmer parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Some keep their leaves all year, and some lose them in the autumn. All jasmines have shiny dark-green leaves and bear small white or yellow flowers. The flowers are usually sweet-smelling and grow in clusters, followed by small berries. Plants usually are grown from layers (a branch bent over into soil) or cuttings rather than horn seeds. The flowers of one species of jasmine are used in China to perfume tea. In Turkey, pipe stems are made from the wood of another.


Lavender ( Turkish: Lavanta ) is a native of the Mediterranean and a lover of dry, sunny, rocky habitats. As with most plants, your success in growing this plant will depend both on what kind of growing conditions you can provide and which varieties you select to grow. Lavender plants will tolerate many growing conditions, but it thrives in warm, well-drained soil and full sun. Like many plants grown for their essential oils, a lean soil will encourage a higher concentration of oils. An alkaline and especially chalky soil will enhance lavenders fragrance.

Lavender is a tough plant and is extremely drought resistant, once established. However, when first starting you lavender plants, don't be afraid to give them a handful of compost in the planting hole and to keep them regularly watered during their first growing season.

It is dampness, more than cold, that is responsible for killing lavender plants. Dampness can come in the form of wet roots during the winter months or high humidity in the summer. If humidity is a problem, make sure you have plenty of space between your plants for air flow and always plant in a sunny location. Areas where the ground routinely freezes and thaws throughout the winter will benefit from a layer of mulch applied after the ground initially freezes. Also protect your lavender plants from harsh winter winds. Planting next to a stone or brick wall will provide additional heat and protection. Although lavender plants get regularly pruned simply by harvesting the flowers, to keep them well shaped and to encourage new growth, a bit of spring pruning is in order.


Magnolias ( Turkish: Manolya ) are fast growing and can be used in small areas as they have a non-invasive root system. Because they maintain an attractive shape all year round, they look good even when not in flower. Use a rich soil for growing magnolias, and if you’re not lucky enough to have alot in your garden, you can overcome this with the addition of large amounts of well-rotted manure.

If your soil is heavy clay, mound it up to improve drainage and in sandy areas leave a depression to collect the water. Protect the young plants from frosts, and from pests such as snails and slugs. Water young plants well every 7-10 days in periods of hot and dry weather, and prune lightly if branches become straggly and untidy. Otherwise, Magnolias are relatively maintenance free, especially once established. One unusual thing to note about Magnolias is that they often don’t flower true to colour for their first year or two, so if your new deep purple variety is suddenly a mass of pale pink blooms in its first season, don’t sweat it!


Narcissus ( Turkish: Nergis ) is the name of a genus which includes flower bulbs like Daffodils, Jonquils, Paperwhites and so forth. Narcissi are easily grown from bulbs. Bulbs are the main source of propagation for growing all the species of Narcisuus.

  • Narcissus bulbs are very easy to grow. Narcissus require little maintenance. Still, if you could take some minimum care, Narcissus can be more vigorous and floriferous, and they'll multiply much more quickly, improving the show they provide each year.
  • Soil & Site Selection - Narcissus grow almost anywhere, although it does prefer well-drained soils with a sunny or light shade environment. The Narcissus species types are more specific in their requirements.
  • Planting Bulbs - Narcissus should be planted from August to November, the earlier the better, at a depth three times the height of the bulb in beds, borders and large containers. In lawns, Narcissus is best planted slightly deeper, at a depth of 15cm.
  • Planting Associations - Narcissus looks good planted in borders or in naturalised drifts at the base of deciduous trees. Narcissus looks its best when planted in drifts of eight or more bulbs, which appears more natural.
  • Deadheading - When Narcissus flower-heads have faded, it is best to remove them. Otherwise the plant will divert energy from building up the bulb, which is necessary for next year's display, and put it into seed production.
  • Post-Flowering Care - After the Narcissus blooms have faded, the remaining leaves can look unsightly as they yellow. It is important to resist the temptation of removing this foliage early. It contains valuable nutrients that will be used for next year's crop of flowers. Leave the leaves for at least six weeks after flowering - longer if possible - before removing them.
  • Propagation - Divide overcrowded Narcissus clumps in late summer, and plant offsets elsewhere in the garden.The Narcissus species types can be propagated with fresh seed collected during summer and sown in late summer or autumn in pots outdoors.
  • Like most perennials, Narcissus does well with about 1 inch of water per week while they're actively growing and blooming - from March to May
  • Mulch can be tremendously helpful in conserving moisture in Narcissus plants.
  • The best thing you can do for your Narcissus bulbs is provide them rich, well-drained soil with lots of organic matter in it.
  • Once flowers are produced, it is best to keep plants away from direct sunlight and in a cool area. This will prolong the flowering period in Narcissus.

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